Research ~~- On Prophecy

Supreme Court Supports Objection To Biometric ID

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Noting that neither widespread adherence nor scriptural support is a prerequisite to constitutionally protected status for a purportedly religious claim,
the court nevertheless traced the history of the Jewish and Christian concepts of the Antichrist
and found that
"The meaning of the 'mark' to theologians whatever they believe the mark to have been is strikingly similar to the meaning for the [religious objectors],
who see a potential for abuse of the spiritual side of humanity in a number which could act as a universal identifier.
β€”428 F.Supp. at 905. Stevens v. Berger

[the religious objectors'] understanding of the Revelation passage is theological and eschatological;
it clearly addresses spiritual, not merely worldly, concerns.
β€”428 F.Supp. at 901-02.

No great leap of imagination is necessary to travel from the exegesis of Revelation to the plaintiffs' belief that [Social Security] numbers could function, if the state were to become too powerful, like the mark of the Antichrist spoken of in the biblical text.
With the history and literature marshalled by plaintiffs to support their contention, their belief must be characterized as religious...
It would appear quite clear then that … views regarding … numbers as the β€œmark of the beast” are theological in nature and plainly religious within the meaning of the First Amendment.
[The religious objector] sincerely holds those views. …
both requirements of the threshold test for a free exercise claim are satisfied.
The appropriate course, therefore, is to determine the extent to which …
protected beliefs were burdened by the government's regulations,
consider whether the government has a compelling interest in making [globally-unique identifiers] a prerequisite …,
and decide if that interest may be satisfied by some less restrictive means.
β€”See Thomas, supra, --- U.S. at ----, 101 S.Ct. at 1431.